Stable Diindeno-Fused Corannulene Regioisomers with Open-Shell Singlet Ground States and Large Diradical Characters
The synthesis ofopen-shell polycyclic hydrocarbons with large diradical characters is challenging because of their high reactivities. Herein, two diindeno-fused orannulene regioisomers DIC-1 and DIC-2, curved fragments offullerene C104, were synthesized that exhibit open-shell singlet groundstates. The incorporation of the curved and non-alternant corannulene moiety within diradical systems leads to significant diradical characters as high as 0.98 for DIC-1 and 0.89 for DIC-2. Such high diradical characters can presumably be ascribed to the re-aromatization of the corannulene p system. Although the DIC compounds have large diradical characters, they display excellent stability under ambient conditions. The half-lives are 37 days for DIC-1 and 6.6 days for DIC-2 in solution. This work offers a new design strategy towards diradicaloids with large diradical characters yet maintain high stability.